It is a visual inspection of the structure and components of a home to find items that are not performing correctly or items that are unsafe. If a problem or a symptom of a problem is found the home inspector will include a description of the problem in a written report and may recommend further evaluation. Before you close, you need to consider whether or not repairs are needed now and who's going to pay for them.
Emotion often affects the buyer and makes it hard to imagine any problems with their new home. A buyer needs a home inspection to find out all the problems possible with the home before moving in. Review the inspection with your realtor and decide if there are issues that the seller should address and present them in a timely manner. While the inspection is not meant to be a tool for re-negotiations, many times it becomes one. By hiring a licensed inspector, you have employed a qualified, unbiased professional. When problems are found, they won't be easily minimized by the other parties because your uncle or friend did the inspection.
All homes (even new construction) have problems. Every problem has a solution. Solutions vary from a simple fix of the component to adjusting the purchase price. If the situation calls for it, the inspector may recommend further diagnostic evaluation by a specialist such as a licensed heating contractor.
A home inspector's report will review the condition of the home's heating system, central air conditioning system (temperature permitting), interior plumbing and electrical systems; the roof, attic, and visible insulation; walls, ceilings, floors, windows and doors; the foundation, basement, and visible structure.